Discover Marseille: Unveiling the Multifaceted Charm of France’s Oldest City

“The Capital of the South of France”

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Introduction to Marseille

Welcome to Marseille, the oldest city in France, where 2600 years of history meet a vibrant Mediterranean lifestyle. This cosmopolitan city, nestled along the beautiful Mediterranean coast, offers a unique blend of ancient heritage and modern energy, making it a captivating destination for all.

Historical Overview

Founded around 600 BC by Greek settlers from Phocaea, Marseille, originally known as Massalia, stands as the oldest and one of the most historically rich cities in France and Europe. From its origins as a bustling trading port to its current status as a dynamic metropolis, Marseille’s history is as diverse as its population. The city’s past is intimately tied to its port, the Old Port, which has been the beating heart of Marseille for centuries, playing a crucial role in its development and prosperity​​.

Cultural Richness

Marseille’s status as a cosmopolitan city is rooted in its history of cultural and economic exchanges with Southern Europe, the Middle East, North Africa, and Asia. This melting pot of cultures is reflected in its large Jewish community, vibrant cultural scenes, and numerous museums, including the renowned Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilisations (MuCEM). The city’s cultural landscape, influenced by various Mediterranean civilizations, is a testament to its rich and diverse heritage​​.

“I am working with the enthusiasm of a man from Marseilles eating bouillabaisse, which shouldn’t come as a surprise to you because I am busy painting huge sunflowers.”

Gastronomic Delights

The culinary scene in Marseille is a mirror of its multicultural history. Famous for its traditional Marseille soap and the iconic dish bouillabaisse, the city offers a gastronomic journey through Provençal cuisine. From bustling markets selling fresh Mediterranean produce to quaint bistros serving local delicacies, Marseille is a haven for food lovers. The city’s cuisine, a blend of French and Mediterranean influences, is as rich and varied as its history​​.

Iconic Landmarks and Architecture

Marseille is home to an array of architectural marvels and natural wonders. The Basilica of Notre-Dame de la Garde, overlooking the city, provides a panoramic view of the Mediterranean and is a symbol of Marseille’s spiritual and cultural heritage. The Old Port, the epicenter of city life, and modern architectural feats like the CMA CGM Tower, reflect the city’s blend of historical and contemporary influences. Iconic structures like Le Corbusier’s La Cité Radieuse showcase Marseille’s contribution to modern architecture and are a must-visit for architecture enthusiasts​​​​.

Marseille Museums and Galleries

Read our how to guide on the Galleries and Museums of Paris. Getting there best times to visit etc.

Mediterranean Lifestyle and Climate

Marseille’s hot-summer Mediterranean climate shapes much of its lifestyle. The city enjoys mild winters and hot, mostly dry summers, perfect for outdoor activities and enjoying the scenic beauty. This pleasant climate complements the city’s maritime heritage, making it an ideal destination for beach lovers and outdoor enthusiasts. The Calanques, with their breathtaking fjord-like inlets, offer a perfect escape for nature lovers and adventure seekers​​.

Outdoor Activities and Natural Beauty

The natural beauty surrounding Marseille provides a plethora of outdoor activities. From hiking in the rugged Calanques to relaxing on the Mediterranean beaches, the city is a paradise for those seeking adventure and tranquility alike. The Calanques National Park, a natural wonder, offers a unique blend of land and sea experiences, making it a top destination for hikers, sailors, and nature enthusiasts​​.

Family-Friendly Marseille

Marseille caters to families with a variety of activities and attractions. The city’s museums, such as MuCEM, offer interactive exhibits that are both educational and entertaining for children. The beaches and public parks provide ample space for family outings, while the city’s cultural events ensure that there is always something exciting for families to experience together.


Marseille, with its rich history, diverse culture, stunning natural landscapes, and vibrant city life, is a destination that promises a memorable experience for every visitor. Whether you’re exploring its ancient streets, indulging in its culinary delights, or soaking up the Mediterranean sun, Marseille is a city that captivates the heart and inspires the soul.

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